Kolloq. Philip Paré, topic: Virus Spread over Networks
Monday, 3 rd of June 2019, 10:30 am, FMI Room 01.09.014 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
The study of epidemic processes has been a topic of interest for many years over a wide range of areas, including computer science, mathematical systems, biology, physics, social sciences, and economics. More recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in the study of epidemic processes focused on the spread of viruses over networks, motivated not only by security threats posed by computer viruses, but also recent devastating outbreaks of infectious diseases and the rapid spread of opinions over social networks. Up to this point these network-dependent spread models have not been validated by real data. In this talk, we analyze a mathematical model for network-dependent spread and use that analysis to identify the healing and infection parameters of the model. We apply these ideas, employing John Snow's seminal work on cholera epidemics in London in the 1850's, to validate the susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) model. The validation results are surprisingly good, capturing the behavior of the cholera epidemic from John Snow's 1854 dataset quite well. We conclude by briefly highlighting extensive analysis and algorithm design results we have obtained for time-varying and multi-layered networks, and finally discuss various directions for compelling future work.
Philip E. Paré received his B.S. in mathematics with University Honors and his M.S. in Computer Science from Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, in 2012 and 2014, respectively, and his Ph.D. in Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), Urbana, IL in 2018. He is currently a postdoctoral scholar in the Division of Decision and Control Systems in the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. Philip was the recipient of the 2017-2018 Robert T. Chien Memorial Award for excellence in research from the UIUC ECE Department and named a 2017-2018 UIUC College of Engineering Mavis Future Faculty Fellow. His research interests include the modeling, control, and security of dynamic networked systems, biological systems, and time--varying systems.
Kolloq. Prof. Makoto Kaneko , topic: Beyond Human Technology” Opens a New Bio World
Friday, 22 nd of February 2019, 14:00 pm, FMI Fakultätsraum Informatik Room 00.12.019 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
This talk begins by explaining what is“Beyond Human”. Knowing of the limitation of human perception and action, we show how to design an artificial system leading to “Beyond Human” by utilizing two kernel components, an online high speed vision and a high speed actuator where both speeds are several hundred times faster than human eye and muscle, respectively. We show a couple of examples of “Beyond Human Robot”. As for bio application, we show fast and fine cell manipulation system with the frequency of 100Hz and the resolution of 250 nanometers by using both a newly developed syringe pump and an online high speed vision. As an application of cell manipulation, we show “Cell Stress Test” where a mechanical stress is continuously imparted to a cell until it eventually gets damages. We also show an interesting behavior of red blood cells where their recovery characteristics after three-minutes-loading in microchannel dramatically change. Finally, we show our hypothesis where our brain activity correlates with the deformability of red blood cell. All topics in this talk will be explained together with video demonstration.
Dr. Makoto Kaneko (M’88-SM’03-F’06 for IEEE) is a professor of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University. He received Ph.D. at the University of Tokyo in 1981. His current research interests include dynamic active sensing, such as Strobe Imager, cell deformability sensing, dynamic sensing of human eye, and dynamic sensing of internal organs by using both high speed vision and high speed actuator. He has received 30 awards, including the Humboldt Research Award in 1997, the IEEE ICRA Best Manipulation Paper Award in 2000, the IEEE ISATP Outstanding Paper Award in 2001, the IEEE RAS King-Sun Fu Memorial Best Transactions Paper Award in 2003, the IEEE ICIA Best Conference Paper Award in 2005, the IEEE ICMA Best Paper Award in Automation in 2013, the IEEE MHS Best Paper Award in 2012 and 2014, IEEE Int. Conf. on Mechatronics and Automation, the Toshio Fukuda Award in 2015, and IEEE Int. Conf. on Cyborg and Bionic Systems, the Best Paper Award in 2017. He also received the Honorary Doctor from Darmstadt University of Technology, Germany in 2013.
Prof. Alois KNOLL / Amy Bücherl
Kolloq. Leonardo Linguaglossa, topic: High-speed NFV: performance evaluation and modeling
Monday, 18 th of February 2019, 17:00 pm, FMI Room 03.07.023 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) is among the latest network revolutions, bringing flexibility and avoiding network ossification. While NFV provides a flexible way of implementing network functions on commodity hardware, an all-software NFV implementation may present a performance gap with respect to hardware-based solutions. In the last decade numerous software acceleration techniques have appeared to bring high-speed capabilities to software network frameworks, thus trying to reduce the distance w.r.t. pure hardware solutions. Batching is one example of such techniques, consisting in processing packets in groups as opposed to individually, which is required at high-speed to minimize the framework overhead, reduce interrupt pressure, and leverage instruction-level cache hits. Whereas several system implementations have been proposed and experimentally benchmarked, the scientific community has so far only to a limited extent attempted to model the system dynamics of modern NFV routers exploiting batching acceleration. We fill this gap by proposing a simple generic model for such batching-based mechanisms, which allows a very detailed prediction of highly relevant performance indicators. These include the distribution of the processed batch size as well as queue size, which can be used to identify loss-less operational regimes or quantify the packet loss probability in high-load scenarios. In this talk I will present our experimental campaign for performance evaluation using a state-of-the-art NFV router, namely VPP. Then I will introduce our model for a generic NFV router. We contrast the model prediction with experimental results gathered in our testbed, showing that the model not only correctly captures system performance under simple conditions, but also in more realistic scenarios in which traffic is processed by a mixture of functions.
Leonardo Linguaglossa is currently a post-doctoral researcher at Telecom PairsTech (France) working in a collaboration with Cisco named "NewNet@Paris". In 2018/2019 he is working in a joint collaboration between TPT and TUM with a project named "AI4P" (Artificial Intelligence for Performance). Leonardo's main research interests include high-speed networking, future network architectures (NFV, SDN), performance evaluation and modeling.
Prof. Georg Carle / Veronika Fleischner
Kolloq. Prof. Christine Legner , topic: Managing Data as an Asset - Creating the Foundations of the Digital and Data-Driven Enterprise
Friday 15th of February 2019, 1:00 pm, FMI 01.13.010 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
In the digital and data-driven economy, data is evolving into a strategic resource for enterprises in all industries. However, data’s growing role and increasing business criticality is not yet reflected in today’s management practice. Many enterprises face challenges relating to poor data quality, the existence of data silos in organizations, and increasing regulatory burdens. We propose a reference model that supports digital and data-driven enterprises in managing data as a strategic resource. The reference model accumulates academic and practical knowledge in the data management field. It has been developed in a unique industry-research collaboration involving more than 30 European companies and researchers from three universities over a period of 12 years. Based on the understanding of data as a strategic resource, the reference model conceptualizes data management as goal and outcome-oriented capabilities that contribute to business capabilities and are developed in a continuous improvement cycle. The development of the reference model for data management in this longitudinal research setting provides opportunities to reflect on the accumulation and evolution of knowledge. We find that knowledge accumulation and evolution occur as result of maturing design knowledge and evolving practical challenges, and that our artifact development materialized in the stages from invention to refinement, and transfer/exaptation to new problem spaces.
Christine Legner is Full Professor of Information Systems at HEC Lausanne, University of Lausanne, where she teaches business information systems and enterprise architecture. She is also the academic director of the Competence Center Corporate Data Quality (CC CDQ), a research consortium and expert community in the field of corporate data management. Her research interests revolve around IT-enabled business innovations, resulting from the convergence of cloud, mobile and analytical technologies. She works on concepts and methods for corporate data management and strategic IT planning to align business information systems with organizational goals and structures. Before joining HEC Lausanne, Christine Legner was professor at European Business School in Wiesbaden (Germany). She holds a PhD and post-doctoral qualification (“Habilitation”) in Information Systems from the University of St. Gallen (Switzerland). She has been visiting scholar at INSEAD, Stanford University and University of Montreal.
Dr. Manuel Wiesche
Kolloq. Rens van der Heijden , topic: Misbehavior Detection in Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems and Beyond
Wednesday 6th of February 2019, 10:00 am, FMI 01.11.018 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
In recent years, significant progress has been made in the domains of autonomous driving and vehicular inter-connectivity. Many envision a future in which transportation is partially or even fully automated; to achieve such a vision, autonomous vehicles need a means of cooperation and information sharing. Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) are a major step in this direction, where the needs of autonomous driving are explicitly considered in the networking community. This leads to applications such as cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC), in which vehicles share information to create a platoon with minimal safety distance between the vehicles. Although security has received some attention, it has largely been limited to message integrity, authenticity, and privacy considerations.This talk will give an introduction to the security of C-ITS, with a detailed overview of misbehavior detection, which refers to the detection of attacks that directly affect application behavior, such as false data injection. These attacks are of particular interest, because they cannot be prevented by traditional cryptographic approaches, since in this attacker model, the attacker possesses valid key material. I will introduce Maat, a framework for misbehavior detection and fusion that aims to detect such attacks. A brief outlook will discuss future challenges, such as the integration of this detection framework with sensor data fusion and attack mitigation strategies.
Dr. Rens W. van der Heijden defended his PhD thesis on November 9th, 2018 at Ulm University, working on Misbehavior Detection in Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems at the Institute of Distributed Systems. He continues to work at the institute as a PostDoc, working on misbehavior detection, security, and various automotive topics. Rens has previously received a Bachelor diploma in Computer Science from the Universty of Twente in 2010 and a Master diploma cum laude from the Kerckhoffs Institute at the Dutch Universities Twente, Nijmegen, and Eindhoven in 2012.
Kolloq. Oriol Vinyals, topic: AlphaStar: Mastering the Real-Time Strategy Game StarCraft II
Thursday 31st of January 2019, 06:00 pm, FMI 5602.EG.001HS 1, Friedrich L. Bauer Hörsaal (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Games have been used for decades as an important way to test and evaluate the performance of artificial intelligence systems. As capabilities have increased, the research community has sought games with increasing complexity that capture different elements of intelligence required to solve scientific and real-world problems. In recent years, StarCraft, considered to be one of the most challenging Real-Time Strategy (RTS) games and one of the longest-played esports of all time, has emerged by consensus as a “grand challenge” for AI research.
Oriol Vinyals is a Research Scientist at Google DeepMind, working in Deep Learning. Prior to joining DeepMind, Oriol was part of the Google Brain team. He holds a Ph.D. in EECS from the University of California, Berkeley and is a recipient of the 2016 MIT TR35 innovator award. His research has been featured multiple times at the New York Times, BBC, etc., and his articles have been cited over 29000 times. His academic involvement includes program chair for the International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR) of 2017, and 2018. Some of his contributions are used in Google Translate, Text-To-Speech, and Speech recognition, used by billions. At DeepMind he continues working on his areas of interest, which include artificial intelligence, with particular emphasis on machine learning, deep learning and reinforcement learning.
Prof. Dr. Matthias Niessner
Kolloq. Marco Barbina, topic: Implementation scenarios, Technical Challenges and Deep Learning in Autonomous,Avionics Sensors: Research and Future Directions
Thursday 17th of January 2019, 4:15 pm, FMI 03.13.010 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
A suite of Avionic Sensors on board of a modern platform generates an incredible amount of data that needs to be interpreted in a combined way by an expert human operator. In an operative scenario it is useful to adopt a complete suite of sensors like Radar, Visible, IR or Hyperspectral sensors, Transponders, ComInt, etc., on board of a remotely controlled or an autonomous aircraft and in the near future the aggregated bandwidth required to transmit these data towards a ground based operator will soon exceed the capacity of the datalink as well as the dimension and the complexity of the raw data will exceed the time to handle it. This generates the requirement for the elaboration and analysis of the data-set in order to transmit to the ground and present to the operator only the relevant data. Furthermore, data analysis yields poor results unless more sensors are orchestrated and considered as a multi-agent system, each providing a partial view of a complex picture: sensor fusion and distributed awareness are important ingredients for any surveillance systems. The technological challenges of the avionic domain are also dominated by the transition from dedicated and specific HW and CPUs towards processors that have been driving the IoT revolution as well as struggling to find a way to respect the safety requirements of a domain that has only recently accepted software in its single core, single process, single thread. In this talk I will discuss these open research and technical challenges and try to envision a possible scenario for the future.
Marco Barbina is Director of Software Engineering in the Airborne and Space Division of Leonardo S.p.A. and manages the teams responsible for the software in several fields ranging from space probes to safety critical and mission critical avionic equipment, from wide band data link and software defined radios to radars, from surveillance to electronic warfare and from flight training simulators to tactical UAVs. He has also been nominated by the Italian Government as member of the group of experts that will define the national strategy for Artificial Intelligence. Marco has received his Master degree in Electronic Engineering at the University of Padua specializing in digital imaging and multilayer video encoding.
Dr. Ilias Gerostathopoulos
Kolloq. Nina Schirrmacher, topic: E-Payments in Singaporean Hawker Centers: A Mixed Methods Study
Monday 7th of January 2019, 1:00 pm, FMI 01.13.010 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
E-Payments in Singaporean Hawker Centers: A Mixed Methods StudySingaporeans are digitally literate, and the country is small and highly connected. The e-payment ecosystem has been flourishing with a multitude of service providers. Yet, the Singaporean e-payment ecosystem is not yet consolidated. While providers face fierce competition in a small market, merchants and customers are hesitant to embrace e-payments. This study therefore investigates the drivers of and barriers to e-payment use in Singaporean hawker centers. Hawker centers portray a microcosm of Singapore’s multicultural society and contribute significantly to the common national identity. 40% of dining occasions take place in 12,000 food stalls across the island, keeping Singaporeans’ living expenses moderate. We use an exploratory sequential mixed methods design based on observations and interviews in the first stage, and structured standardized closed-ended interviews with hawkers in the second stage. Our findings have implications for e-payment providers and government initiatives to improve the e-payment ecosystem.
Nina Schirrmacher is a PhD candidate at ESSEC Business School. Her interests cover digital business models, digital platforms and ecosystems strategy, e-payments and Fintech. In her research, Nina investigates how technology enables and impedes the organization of digital ecosystem stakeholders. She holds a double degree M.Sc. Management from the University of Mannheim and ESSEC, as well as an Advanced Master of Research in Business Administration from ESSEC. Nina is currently based at the ESSEC campus in Singapore, where she conducts research on Singaporean food businesses and the Fintech landscape.
Dr. Manuel Wiesche
Kolloq. Prof. Damian Dalton, topic: People don’t buy technology…they are too emotional
Tuesday 18th of December 2018, 11:00 am, FMI 02.09.023 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Many startups make the mistake of developing great technology that nobody understands or wants. Conversely, many multinationals have terminated failed projects, the results of which have subsequently be the basis of new highly successful and innovative companies. Regardless of the type of technology or company, the major driving force for any business success is the ability to tune into the emotions and requirements of the market. This lecture reviews the background to successful businesses, particularly technical startups and SMEs, and discusses how companies with limited human and financial resources can use this situation to their advantage, and even compete with, and beat the major behemoths of the technological age. The lecture material will be from my own personal experience in establishing 3 businesses, from my Enterprise and Innovation courses at University College Dublin, and from startup incubator and accelerator sources in Europe and the U.S.
Damian Dalton is Assoc Prof. at the School of Computer Science, University College Dublin. He lectures in advanced computer architectures, I.T power modelling, sustainability in data data centres, and enterprise and innovation. He is CEO/CTO of Beeyon, an Irish-based company which has developed and patented, PAPILLON a data centre energy and performance management system. PAPILLON was in the finals of the DataCentreDynamic, Future Technology, international data centre awards in 2015. Beeyon won the 2017 IEEE Irish startup and represented Ireland in Silicon Valley and was the first Irish company to receive funding in Innoenergy’s, the EU largest sustainable energy initiative, Highway programme. He has 5 patents in digital simulation, power modeling and data centre energy management, published over 40 peer-reviewed papers. He is Chairperson and board member of the Irish chapter of the Environmental Association of Universities and Colleges, a board member of the Irish/Swedish Chamber of Commerce and chairperson of the UCD symphony orchestra.
Kolloq. Prof. Dr. Vitali Gretschko, topic: Sequential Procurement
Thursday, December 6, 2018, at 4:00 pm, FMI 01.10.033 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
We analyze the problem of a buyer who chooses a supplier for a long-term relationship via auction. The buyer cannot commit that she will not renegotiate the terms of the contract with the chosen supplier in the long run. As the profits in the renegotiation depend on the buyer's information about the suppliers costs, suppliers will be cautious about the information they reveal during the procurement auction. We show that, on one hand, first-price auctions may perform poorly in terms of efficiency and buyer surplus as suppliers may pool on a high bid to conceal information. On the other hand, second-price auctions retain their efficient equilibrium and generate substantial buyer surplus. We demonstrate that, in general, neither first- nor second-price auction are optimal. We derive the optimal mechanism and show that it manages information by concealing the winning bid from the buyer with a positive probability.
Vitali Gretschko is head of the ZEW Research Group "Market Design" and Professor of Market Design at the University of Mannheim. He studied mathematics at the University of Münster before working as a business consultant at Accenture. Between 2009 and 2012 Gretschko completed a doctoral degree in economics at the University of Cologne. During this time he spent nine months as a guest researcher at Yale University in Connecticut. Having completed his doctorate, Vitali Gretschko became a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Cologne and worked as a project leader at TWS Partners. Vitali Gretschko's research interests extend across the field of market design, although he is particularly interested in mechanism design, applied auction theory and contract theory.
Martin Bichler Phone: +49.89.289.17500
Kolloq. Prof. Blaise Genest, topic: Distribution-based objectives for Markov Decision Processes
Monday, 26th of November 2018, 2:00 pm, FMI 00.12.019 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
In this talk, we consider a population represented in a fluid/continuous way. A configuration of the population is represented by a distribution over states, and the actions of the controller is represented by a MDP. In this setting, we are interested in considering distribution-based objectives, that is objective talking about the distribution over states (=the configuration of the population). This class of objectives gives rise to an interesting trade-off between full and partial information. As in full observation, the strategy in the MDP can depend on the state of the system, but similar to partial information, the strategy needs to account for all the states at the same time. In this talk, we focus on two safety problems that arise naturally in this context, namely, existential and universal safety. Given an MDP A and a closed and convex polytope H of probability distributions over the states of A, the existential safety problem asks whether there exists some distribution ? i n H and a strategy of A, such that starting from ? and repeatedly applying this strategy keeps the distribution forever in H. The universal safety problem asks whether for all distributions in H, there exists such a strategy of A which keeps the distribution forever in H. Further, we compare these results with existential and universal safety problems for Rabin's probabilistic finite-state automata (PFA), the subclass of Partially Observable MDPs which have zero observation. Compared to MDPs, strategies of PFAs are not state dependent.
Joint work with S. Akshay and Nikhil Vyas.
Kolloq. Prof. Dr. Rainer Goebel, topic: High-Resolution Human Functional Brain Imaging: New insights for biological models of cognitive functions
Tuesday, 26th of June 2018, 2:30 pm, MW 1801 (ME-Building, Campus Garching)
Wednesday, 20th of June 2018, 16:45 pm, FMI BC2 0.01.17 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Kolloq. Prof. Nicolas Christin, topic: Demystifying the Dark Web: Measuring and analyzing online anonymous,marketplaces
Friday, 15th of June 2018, 13:00 pm, FMI ground-floor, Interims HS1 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Wednesday, 13th of June 2018, 02:00 pm, FMI 01.13.007 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Kolloq. Prof. Thomas C. Henderson, topic: BRECCIA: Unified Probabilistic Dynamic Geospatial Intelligence
Tuesday, 6th of March 2018, 9:30 am, FMI HS 2 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Friday, 24th of November 2017, 10:00 am FMI 03.13.010 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Kolloq. Prof. Dr. Rudolf Eigenmann, topic: On the Ever-Increasing Importance of Advanced Compilers and Programming Tools For High-Performance Computing
Thursday, 23rd of November 2017, 2 pm FMI 01.06.020 (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
Kolloq. Prof. Tobias Höllerer, Ph.D, topic: Simulating the Future of Augmented Reality
Tuesday, 17th of July 2018, 04:00 pm, FMI 00.013.009a (MI-Building, Campus Garching)
AR holds enormous promise as a potentially paradigm-shifting ubiquitous mobile computing technology, enabling the physical world to become the user interface. Clearly, we are still a sizable distance away from this promise, but, just as evidently, many major players in personal computing have already become aware of this potential. In this talk, I will take a look at the features that distinguish AR’s promise from that of other technologies that may also help define the future of personal computing, such as VR, pervasive and ubiquitous computing, agent-based computing, and physical computing. Many of the technologies that are needed for a smooth and seamless AR user experience are still under development. So, how can we help AR along its trajectory and make informed choices about future applications and user interfaces? One track of research in my lab in recent years has been concerned with the simulation of possible future capabilities in AR. With the goal to conduct controlled user studies evaluating technologies that are just not possible yet (such as a truly wide-field-of-view augmented reality display), we turn to high-end VR to simulate, predict, and assess these possible futures. In the very long term, when technological hurdles, such as real-time reconstruction of photorealistic environment models, are removed, VR and AR naturally converge. Until then, we have a very interesting playing field full of technological constraints to have fun with.
Tobias Höllerer is Professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he leads the Four Eyes Laboratory, conducting research in the four I's of Imaging, Interaction, and Innovative Interfaces. Dr. Höllerer holds a Diplom in informatics from the Technical University of Berlin as well as an MS and PhD in computer science from Columbia University. He is a recipient of the US National Science Foundation's CAREER award, for his work on "Anywhere Augmentation", enabling mobile computer users to place annotations in 3D space wherever they go. He has been named an ACM Distinguished Scientist in 2013. Dr. Höllerer is author of over 200 peer-reviewed journal, conference, and workshop publications in the areas of augmented and virtual reality, information visualization, 3D displays and interaction, mobile and wearable computing, and social computing. Several of these publications have been selected for Best Paper or Honorable Mention awards at such venues as the IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), IEEE Virtual Reality, ACM Virtual Reality Software and Technology, ACM User Interface Software and Technology, ACM MobileHCI, IEEE SocialCom, and IEEE CogSIMA.
Prof. Gudrun Klinker, Ph.D.